Sheikhul Islam Hazrat Mufti Muhammad Taqi Uthmāni Sahib حفظه الله has said that the reason why Shaitān slipped into arrogance was due to him feeling proud of his intellect. Shaitān thought that he was offering an intellectual proof, which was difficult to disregard in his opinion that fire was superior to clay. Shaitān used his intellect against the command of Allah Ta’ala جل جلاله which resulted in him being eternally condemned. Due to him becoming the slave of his intellect, he was expelled from the slavery of Allah Ta’ala جل جلاله. Shaitān failed to understand the reality that it was Allah Ta’ala جل جلاله Who created Hazrat Ādam عليه السلام and it was Allah Ta’ala جل جلاله that created the entire universe. Therefore, when Allah Ta’ala جل جلاله commanded Shaitān to prostrate before Hazrat Ādam عليه السلام, he disobeyed and became rejected forever.

It is important to be conscious that pride is the root of all sins. Due to the spiritual disease of pride, one will develop other spiritual ills like anger, jealousy, malice, hatred, backbiting, usurping the rights of others, etc. It is impossible to rid ourselves of all evil character traits unless we acquire modesty and practice upon the demands of modesty.

The reality of modesty is that one should consider oneself to be insignificant. This is termed as ‘تواضع‘ (humility). By merely saying that one is insignificant is not regarded as modesty. Nowadays, it has become fashionable to advertise ourselves as being modest but true modesty is a condition of the heart; we should consider our acts of virtue as inconsequential. Rather, we should submit that the tawfeeq to do good was due solely to Allah Ta’ala جل جلاله; we could do nothing without His mercy. If we systematically work on attaining this mindset through thought and action, Allah Ta’ala جل جلاله will elevate our ranks.

(Hazrat Mufti Muhammad Taqi Uthmāni Sahib حفظه الله)