5 Minute Madressa for the 23rd of Rabi Ul Aakhir

(1) Islaamic History The Muslims migrate to Madinah
Because of the relentless torture and harassment that the Muslims received in Makkah, Rasulullaah (SAW) permitted them to migrate to Madinah after the second pledge of Aqaba. The first to prepare to leave was Hadhrat Abu Salamah (RA), who started to leave with his goods, his son Salamah (RA) and his wife Hadhrat Ummu Salamah (RA). However, his tribe the Banu Asad refused to allow his son to leave with him and his wife’s tribe, the Banu Mughierah, refused to allow his wife to leave. As a result, he was forced to leave by himself as the respective tribes held his wife and child back. For an entire year Hadhrat Ummu Salamah (RA) would go to a place called Abtah and weep at the separation of her family. Eventually someone felt pity for her and managed to persuade her tribe to allow her to join her husband. At the same time, her husband’s tribe also allowed her son to join her and the two managed to reach Madinah. The other Muslims also had to endure great hardships when migrating apart from the natural grief of having to leave behind their homes, possessions, and families. In fact, Hadhrat Suhayb (RA) had to surrender all his wealth and possessions to the Mushrikeen before they allowed him to leave. When Rasulullaah (SAW) learnt of this, he congratulated Hadhrat Suhayb (RA) saying, “You have struck a profitable bargain.” Mention of this incident is also made in the Qur’aan.  
(2) Allaah’s Power Sleep
After a tiring day, Allaah makes man fall asleep to dispel the fatigue and his worries and woes. Through his sleep a person is afforded such peace and rest that the wealth of the world cannot buy. Allaah has granted this bounty to all people, regardless of their status in this world and has appointed the night as the time for sleep. Without sleep, a person will become mentally imbalanced and may even lose his senses altogether. This wondrous sleep is only from Allaah and from amongst His greatest bounties to mankind. 
(3) A Fardh Returning borrowed property
Rasulullaah (SAW) emphasised the prompt return of property that has been borrowed.
[Ibn Maajah 2398]
It is Waajib (compulsory) to return a borrowed item when it is due to be returned and Haraam to retain it any longer.
(4) A Sunnah Eating with three fingers
Hadhrat Ka’b bin Maalik (RA) reports that Rasulullaah (SAW) ate with three fingers and licked them after eating.
[Muslim 5298]
While licking the fingers is Sunnah, this should not be done in a manner that repulses onlookers. 
(5) An Important Act and its Virtue The reward for doing good
Rasulullaah (SAW) stated that the following acts are such that they continue to reap rewards for a person even after he dies:

  • Knowledge that he passes on to others
  • Pious children
  • Beneficial books that he leaves behind
  • Masaajid that he has built
  • Lodgings for travellers that he built
  • Water sources that he provided for people
  • The wealth that he spent in Sadaqah and other good causes

[Ibn Maajah 242, from Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah (RA)]

(6) This World Dressing for show
Rasulullaah (SAW) said, “The person who dresses to impress people in this world will be given clothing of disgrace on the Day of Qiyaamah and fed to the fire of Jahannam.”
[Ibn Maajah 3607, from Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Umar (RA)]
(7) This World The wealth of this world opening up to the Muslims
Rasulullaah (SAW) said, “This world will soon open up to you so much that you will start to decorate your homes as the Kabah is decorated.”
[Tabraani in his Kabeer 17730, from Hadhrat Abu Juhfa (RA)] 
(8) The Aakhirah The drinks and utensils of Jannah
Allaah says in the Qur’aan, “Utensils of silver (containing the most sumptuous foods) will be brought to them as well as glasses of crystal (containing the most delicious drinks) such crystal that is of silver (unlike anything of this world), (which those serving will fill) with an appropriate measure (neither will the drink be too little that the person will wish he had more, nor will it be too much that he would have to force himself to finish it). They will be given to drink from cups containing a (wonderful) mixture of ginger. (While the things of Jannah may share their names with things of this world, there will be no further similarity. Therefore, the ginger of Jannah cannot be compared to the ginger of this world)”.
[Surah Dahar, verses 15-17]
(9) Cures from the Qur’aan and Rasulullaah (SAW) A cure from every illness
Hadhrat Jibra’eel (AS) once came to Rasulullaah (SAW) and asked, “Are you not well?” When Rasulullaah (SAW) indicated that he was not feeling well, Hadhrat Jibra’eel (AS) recited the following Du’aa:

بِسْمِ اللهِ أَرْقِيْكَ مِنْ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ يُّؤْذِيْكَ مِنْ شَرِّ كُلِّ نَفْسٍ ، 
أَوْعَيْنِ حَاسِدٍ،  بِسْمِ اللهِ اَرْقِيْك اللهُ يَشْفِيْك

TRANSLATION: In the name of Allaah do I recite for you against all that harms you, whether it be from any living being or the eye of the jealous one. In the name of Allaah do I recite for you. May Allaah cure you.
[Tirmidhi 972, from Hadhrat Abu Sa’eed Khudri (RA)]

(10) Qur’aanic Advice  
Allaah says in the Qur’aan, “And (tell them, O Muhammad e) ‘This (obeying all these commands) is indeed my straight path, so follow it. Do not follow other paths, for they will deviate you from Allaah’s path (from Islaam). These are the things which Allaah has (solemnly) commanded you so that you may adopt Taqwa’”.           [Surah An’aam, verse 153]