Hadrat Maulānā Muhammad Rābi‛ Hasanī Nadwī
(Nāzim of Dār al-‛Ulūm Nadwatul ‛Ulamā’, Lucknow)
الحمد لله رب العالمين، والصلوة والسلام على سيد المرسلين خاتم النبيين سيدنا محمد
وعلى آله وصحبه الغر الميامين، ومن تبعهم بإحسان إلى يوم الدين، ودعا بدعوتهم
أحْعين. أما بعد:
Allāh ta‛ālā perfected His religion of Islam with His Final Messenger, Hadrat Muhammad sallallāhu ‛alayhi wa sallam. He also willed for its continuation and its preservation from changes. Allāh ta‛ālā makes worldly means the means for the execution of His decisions. These means are not the actual causes. The actual cause is the One who wills for their execution. However, Allāh ta‛ālā has concealed this in order to test man and see whether he considers Allāh ta‛ālā to be the original cause in all matters or whether he considers the means to be the causes.
When Allāh ta‛ālā willed for the preservation of His Book, the Qur’ān – and through it, His Dīn – He made human efforts the means for it. Subsequently, we find hundreds and thousands of people memorizing it. This system has been continuing from the very beginning and continues to this day. Since the biography of Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‛alayhi wa sallam and all the injunctions of the Sharī‛ah are linked to the Qur’ān, the preservation of the Qur’ān entails preservation of the entire Dīn. These are in accordance with Allāh’s decisions and a divine system so that Dīn remains and no changes whatsoever take place in it.
Allāh ta‛ālā had not promised the same as regards religious affairs for religions before Islam. Rather it was left to the adherents of the respective religions. This
resulted in changes and alterations. The religion of Islam is preserved from them. However, preservation of Islam does not mean that every single Muslim will practise on every single injunction of Islam. The Sharī‛ah made arrangements for the system of enjoining good and prohibiting evil for those who practise on the Sharī‛ah so that they will be constantly addressed and their rectification will continue. All praise is due to Allāh ta‛ālā, Islamic history went through various phases wherein the duty of rectification was undertaken with full fervour and earnestness at times, and on a smaller scale at other times. This system continues to this day.
This sub-continent [India and Pakistan] had several great personalities in the last 40-50 years who fulfilled the duties of rectification and instruction. Their influence spread far and wide on a large scale. We find the contribution of Hakīm al-Ummat Hadrat Maulānā Ashraf ‛Alī Thānwī rahimahullāh to be most phenomenal. His associates and deputies carried on with his work most successfully. From among them, the work and contribution of Hadrat Muslihul Ummat Hadrat Maulānā Shāh Wasīyyullāh Sāhib Fatahpūrī rahimahullāh was most effective in Allāhābād. His associates are now carrying on with his work. From among them, the efforts of Hadrat Maulānā Muhammad Qamar az-Zamān Sāhib Allāhābādī are most glaring and extremely effective. The work of rectification and instruction which Hadrat Maulānā acquired from his elders is not restricted to that area of U. P. Rather, it has spread as far as Gujarat. Together with imparting religious sciences, he is carrying out the work of rectification through the Khānqāh system.
Hadrat Maulānā is extremely pained by the retrogression and deviation of Muslims in their day to day lives, and observes that not only the masses, but
even the educated circles are being affected. After seeing the need for rectification in this regard, he penned some very impressive articles and included quotations from other reformers as well. This has resulted in a most beneficial book.
The retrogression in Muslim society and the influx of various evils among them have caused the smallest work of rectification to become extremely important. This responsibility rests on Allāh’s righteous servants and the scholars. The Muslim masses are distancing themselves from injunctions of the Sharī‛ah. Various types of incorrect customs and innovations are becoming common among them. These are causes of Allāh’s wrath. What is most unfortunate is that certain evils are becoming common in Islamic educational circles. This requires a lot of concern and attention. Our erudite ‛ulamā’ are perceiving this. Acting under this realization, Hadrat Maulānā Muhammad Qamar az-Zamān Sāhib has perceived certain ills among the administrators of Madāris and those working in the field of rectification. He therefore prepared a book in which he draws our attention to the immorality and decadence which have crept into Muslim society. In so doing, he has compiled a most impressive and beneficial compilation on rectification and instruction. Apart from his own words, he quotes important articles and statements of spiritual masters and scholars of India. The first of these is written by Hadrat Maulānā Mujībullāh Nadwī rahimahullāh who had been the founder and patron of Jāmi‛ah ar-Rashād, A‛zam Garh. Together with quoting the perceptions and feelings of the ‛ulamā’, Hadrat Maulānā [Qamar az-Zamān] draws our attention to essential points of rectification in a most impressive manner and presents them in detail. This is a very important contribution from him in the field of rectification.
It is essential that this book - Responsibilities of Religious Institutes And Organizations – be studied in all Madāris and among all scholars who have religious sentiments. Since Allāh ta‛ālā – solely out of His grace – enables people to emulate the words of His righteous servants, there is hope that – Allāh willing – as many people as possible will benefit from this book.
We express our heartfelt gratitude to Hadrat Maulānā Muhammad Qamar az-Zamān Sāhib for this work and hope that it will be of tremendous benefit. Inspiration is from Allāh ta‛ālā alone.
Muhammad Rābi‛ Hasanī
Nadwatul ‛Ulamā’, Lucknow