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Aqwal e Salaf Vol 2

Aqual e Salf Vol 2 848x1291
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FOREWORD
الحمد لله رب العالمين والصلوة والسلام على رأس الصالحين وعلى آله وأصحابه
الطاهرين. أما بعد!


Al-hamdulillāh, I am feeling most happy and
pleased at being afforded the opportunity of
presenting the third volume of Aqwāl-e-Salaf. It
contains the lofty conditions and beneficial
statements of the ‛ulamā’ and sulahā’ of the fifth
century until the first half of the eighth century of
the hijrah. May Allāh ta‛ālā accept it through His
grace, and make it beneficial for the ummah as He
did for the original of this book. Āmīn.
As was done previously, we tried to add the year
of birth and death of each personality, and
provided some explanatory notes here and there.
We intend doing the same for the future volumes
as well.
Māshā Allāh, we added the biographies of many
more personalities, and – inshā Allāh – we will do
the same in the remaining volumes. Inshā Allāh,
this series will end with the eighth volume, and
we hope to have each volume comprising of about
600 pages. May Allāh ta‛ālā enable us to complete
it through His grace. Āmīn.
By Allāh’s grace, the following person’s strove
very hard in assisting me in compiling this
volume: Maulwī Kamāl Ahmad Sāhib, Maulwī
Sābir ‛Alī Sāhib, and Maulwī Fīroz ‛Ālam Sāhib.

But the real contribution was made by
Maulānā Maqsūd Ahmad Sāhib Gaurakpūrī for
working tirelessly in adding the dates of birth and
death, and in arranging the book in a suitable
and academic manner. Qārī Nāzir Husayn Sāhib,
a teacher at Falāh Dārayn Tadkeshwar (Gujarat)
proof read the book. May Allāh ta‛ālā reward him
with the best of rewards.
I suffice with this short introduction in this
volume. Inshā Allāh, I hope to add a few more
essential points in the next volume.
At present, it is my heartfelt desire to quote the
words of ‛Allāmah Ibn al-Jauzī rahimahullāh on
the merits and academic and practical
achievements of the auliyā’ and sulahā’. I had
done this in my introduction to the first volume,
and may Allāh ta‛ālā make the present quotation
beneficial as well. Āmīn.
Muhammad Qamaruz Zamān Allāhābādī
The merits of the auliyā’ and sulahā’
The auliyā’ and sulahā’ are the real objects of this
universe, and it is they who, after acquiring
knowledge, practise on its essence.
Hadrat Abū Hurayrah radiyallāhu ‛anhu narrates
that Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‛alayhi wa sallam said:
“Allāh ta‛ālā says: ‘I declare war against anyone
who is antagonistic towards My walī (close
friend). My servant does not gain proximity to Me

with anything better than a compulsory act.
My servant continues coming closer to Me
through optional actions until I begin to love him.
Once I love him, I become his ears with which he
hears, his eyes with which he sees, his hands
with which he holds, and his legs with which he
walks. If he asks Me, I will certainly give him. If
he seeks refuge in Me, I will certainly give him
refuge. I do not hesitate in doing anything as
much as I hesitate in taking the soul of a believer
when he dislikes death, and I do not like to
discomfort him.”1
Hadrat Anas ibn Mālik radiyallāhu ‛anhu narrates
from Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‛alayhi wa sallam who
narrates from Jibra’īl ‛alayhis salām who narrates
from Allāh ta‛ālā who said: “I declare war against
anyone who insults My walī. I do not hesitate in
doing anything as much as I hesitate in taking
the soul of a believer because I do not like to
cause him any pain, but there is no way out of it
as well. A believer likes to do a certain type of
worship but I stop him from doing it so that selfconceit
does not get into him, resulting in his
destruction. My servant does not gain proximity
to Me with anything better than a compulsory
act. My servant continues coming closer to Me
through optional actions until I begin to love him.
Once I love him, I become his ears, eyes, hands,
and his helper. When he calls out to Me, I reply to
1 Bukhārī Sharīf, Bāb at-Tawādu‛, p. 963.

him. When he asks Me, I give him. When he is
devoted to me, I treat him with affection. Some of
My servants can only remain upright through
poverty. If I were to give them affluence, it would
destroy them. Some of My servants can only
remain upright through affluence. If I were to
make them poor, it would destroy them. The īmān
of some of my servants can only remain upright
through illness. If I were to give them good health,
it will destroy them. Since I know the conditions
of the hearts of My servants, I treat them
accordingly. I am certainly all-knowing, allaware.”
‛Abd al-Karīm Jazarī narrates a shorter version of
the above Hadīth from Hadrat Anas radiyallāhu
‛anhu. It contains the words: “I am most hasty in
helping My servants. And I become more angry
than an angry lion for their sake.”
Hadrat Anas radiyallāhu ‛anhu narrates that
Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‛alayhi wa sallam said:
“There are some servants of Allāh ta‛ālā who, if
they take an oath in Allāh’s name, He will
certainly fulfil it for them.” (Bukhārī, Muslim, Abū
Dā’ūd, Nasa’ī, Ibn Mājah, Ahmad)
‛Atā’ ibn Yasār narrates that Mūsā ‛alayhis salām
said: “O Allāh! Who are Your people to whom You
will give a place in the shade of Your Throne?”
Allāh ta‛ālā replied: “They are the one’s whose
hands committed no sin, whose hearts are pure,
and who have love for each other because of My
greatness. They are people who are remembered

when I am remembered. And when they are
remembered, I am also remembered. And I make
mention of them. They are the one’s who perform
a complete wudū’ (ablution) despite difficulties
(such as cold water on a cold day). They return to
My remembrance just as a vulture returns to its
nest. They are completely enamoured by love for
Me like a child is for people. When My
prohibitions are considered lawful, they become
angry like leopards at the time of war.”
Wahb ibn Munabbih narrates that when Allāh
ta‛ālā sent Hadrat Mūsā and his brother, Hadrat
Hārūn ‛alayhis salām, to Pharaoh, He said to
them: “Do not be astonished by his wealth and
possessions, do not raise your eyes towards them
because these are mere attractions and comforts
of this world. Had I willed, I could have certainly
given you the attractions of this world to the
extent that Pharaoh would have been convinced
that he is powerless against what you have been
given. But I am not giving it to you, and turning it
away from you. This is how I always deal with My
auliyā’ (true friends). I have set aside good for
them from before hand. I turn them away from
the bounties and comforts of this world just as an
affectionate shepherd turns away his flock from
fields which could cause their destruction. I save
them from the affluence and luxuries of this
world just as an affectionate camel-herd keeps
his camels away from dirty places. This is not
because I consider them to be of lesser value.
Rather, I do this so that they may remain pure
and protected, and receive the full share of My

bestowals. The world must not be able to harm
them in any way, nor must the desires of their
self commit any wrong against them.”
“A servant cannot be embellished with a quality
better than abstinence in this world. This is
because it is an embellishment of the muttaqīn
(pious). They have the garment of piety with
which they are recognized, viz. tranquillity,
humility, and the marks of prostration on their
faces. These are My true auliyā.’ When you meet
them, you must be humble before them, and your
heart and tongue must be subservient to them.
Beware! Anyone who insults them or terrorizes
them has actually declared war against Me,
opposed Me, brought himself before Me, and
called Me towards himself. And I rush to help My
auliyā’. Does the person who declares war against
Me think he can face Me? Does the person who
has enmity towards Me think he can defeat Me?
Does the person who opposes Me think he can
escape Me or slip pass Me? How can this be
possible when I personally exact revenge on
behalf of My auliyā’ in this world and in the
Hereafter!? I do not delegate the task of helping
them [My auliyā’] to anyone else.”
Wahb ibn Munabbih rahimahullāh narrates: The
Hawārīyyīn (disciples) said: “O ‛Īsā! Who are the
auliyā’ of Allāh who neither have anything to fear
nor will they grieve?” Hadrat ‛Īsā ‛alayhis salām
replied: “They are the ones who look at the inner
part of this world while people look at its outer
part. They looked at the end result of this world

while people looked at its immediate benefits.
They then cast aside the part which they feared
would destroy them, and left the part which they
felt would leave them. What they considered to be
a lot turned out to be little. And what they
safeguarded slipped away from them. What they
accumulated and rejoiced over resulted in their
grief and regret. They abandoned what they
acquired of this world, and abased what was
unduly elevated. When the world becomes old to
them, they do not renew it. When it becomes
deserted to them, they do not inhabit it. When it
dies in their hearts, they do not revive it. They
destroy the world and construct their Hereafter.
They sell the world and purchase something
which is eternal [the Hereafter]. They cast it aside
and are happy in doing this. They have sold it
and made a lot of profit by its sale. They looked at
the people of the world and saw them hankering
after it, and are prey to various calamities and
worries. So they revived the remembrance of
death, and killed the remembrance of life. They
love Allāh ta‛ālā and love His remembrance. They
acquire light from His effulgence. They are in a
unique situation, and the knowledge which they
possess is also unique. The Book is with them,
and they uphold its injunctions. The Book speaks
highly of them, and they speak in the light of
what it teaches. Knowledge of the Book is
obtained from them, and they are its true
scholars. They consider whatever they acquired to
be sufficient, and do not consider anything else
worthy of acquisition. They do not hope for any

peace from anyone apart from the Being in
whom they placed their hopes. They do not fear
anything apart from the Being whom they fear.
(Ahmad)
Hadrat Ka‛b radiyallāhu ‛anhu said: “After Nūh
‛alayhis salām, there will always be fourteen
people in this world through whom the
punishment will be removed.” (Ahmad)
Sufyān ibn ‛Uyaynah rahimahullāh said:
عِنْدَ ذِكْرِ الصَّالحِِيْنَ تَنْزِلُ الرَّحمَْةُ
Mercy descends at the time when the righteous are
mentioned.
Muhammad ibn Yūnus rahimahullāh said: “I have
not come across anything more beneficial than
speaking about the righteous.”1
Note: Look at ‛Allāmah Ibn Jauzī rahimahullāh!
Although he is generally considered to be a “dry”
person, he is speaking about the qualities and
merits of the auliyā’, and the importance of
speaking about them. These words ought to be
written in gold. It will be most astonishing if we
still do not accept their merits.
It gives me great pleasure to convey the praises
and acceptance of this series, Aqwāl-e-Salaf, by
1 Sifatus Safwah, vol. 1, p.. 39-44.

the ‛ulamā’ and the mashā’ikh. They expressed
their approval both verbally and in writing. Some
of their evaluations were quoted in volumes one
and two. A few more are quoted here, and others
will be quoted in the forthcoming volumes. All
inspiration is from Allāh ta‛ālā alone.
Muhammad Qamaruz Zamān Allāhābādī
15 Dhul Hijjah 1432 A.H.
12 November 2011
Madrasah ‛Arabīyyah Bayt al-Ma‛ārif
Bakhshī Bāzār, Ilāhābād, U.P.